|Soil Type||Well Drained|
|Mature Height||55-75 Feet|
|Mature Width||30-50 Feet|
This colossal Maple Tree is the classic icon of autumn color. Its large canopy is a magnificent green in summer, giving way to brilliant yellows, oranges, and reds after the first frost of the year. The Sugar Maple is so iconic, it is the state tree of New York and Vermont and adorns the Canadian flag.
The Sugar Maple is the only tree commercially used for syrup production. Each tree can produce 5-60 liters of sap per year! For best sap production, the Sugar Maple will need to be planted in an area where nights are below freezing and days are above 40˚.
The Sugar Maple grows best in moist, well-drained soil but can adapt to many soil type conditions. It is intolerant of compacted soil, high heat, and air pollution. This is a large shade tree with a large root system – it's best used as a shade tree in parks and on larger properties.
Choose a sunny spot for your maple tree and dig a hole that is 2 to 3 times the width of the root ball and equal in depth. Place your tree in the hole – keep the top of the root ball even with the ground. Backfill with a small amount of soil. Water fully until the root ball and surrounding soil is saturated. Fill in the remaining soil and pack firmly. Water a second time. Add a 2-3 inch layer of mulch to retain moisture and prevent weed growth.
While your tree is establishing, it will require weekly watering. As your tree matures, it may need extra watering during the summer months. Light green leaves are a sign of over-watering. Drooping leaves can be a sign of both under-watering and over-watering.
Use a 10-10-10 slow-release fertilizer with your new maple tree. Fertilize twice a month when it's coming out of dormancy and once a month during the summer. Stop fertilizing as the tree goes dormant for the winter.
Prune your maple tree once the leaves have fully matured – there will be less sap.
The Sugar Maple is a large shade tree and needs plenty of room to grow. Choose a location for your maple that is 30-50 feet away from structures, driveways, sidewalks, and foundations.